Flowers

Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)

  

Family: Asteraceae

Description of the Flower: Zygomorphic (bilateral symmetry), ray flowers, epigynous ovary, indeterminate number of stamens and pistils, opposite leaves, prominent mid rib vein, stem hairy (pubescent), and toothed leaves

Location: Grove City, Ohio

Habitat: Forest

Environment: Moist soil, near pond and drainage system, and surrounded by other small flowering plants.

Inflorescence Type: Capitulum

 

Spotted Touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis)

Family: Balsaminaceae

Description of the Flower: Zygomorphic (Bilateral Symmetry), fused petals, 5 stamens, alternate leaves, leaves slightly toothed, flowers are orange with small dark brown spots, and bent spur.

Location: Grove City, Ohio

Habitat: Forest

Environment: Moist soil, near pond and drainage system, and surrounded by other small flowering plants.

Inflorescence Type: Simple cyme

Great Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Family: Campanulaceae (Bellflower family)

Description of the Flower: Zygomorphic (Bilateral Symmetry), fused petals, short-stalked flower, blue flowers with striped tube, 5 stamens, and alternate leaves

Location: Grove City, Ohio

Habitat: Forrest

Environment: On the edge of a small patch of woods, and the surrounding soil was moist.

Inflorescence Type: Spike

Wild Carrot (Daucus carota)

Family: Apiaceae (Umbellifers)

Description of the Flower: Zygomorphic (Bilateral Symmetry), five regular parts, very small flowers, leaves alternate and divided.

Location: Grove City, Ohio

Habitat: Forest

Environment: Located about 13 feet from a creek, and found on the edge of a forest

Inflorescence Type: Umbel

Hedge Bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

Family: Convolvulaceae

Description of the Flower: Vine, arrow-shaped leaves, fused petals, radially symmetric, five regular parts, leaves entire but lobed at the base

Location: Grove City, Ohio

Habitat: Forest

Environment: The flower was found wrapped around a honeysuckle bush. The bush was located near a small creek.

Inflorescence Type: Cyme

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

Family: Fabacea

Description of the Flower: Purple flower, leaflets are in three, entire leaflets, leaves are alternate in arrangement

Location: Galloway, Ohio

Habitat: Prairie

Environment: Plant was situated in very wet soil, and was surrounded by tall grass.

Inflorescence Type: Head

Fruits

Multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora

Family: Rosaceae

Description of the Plant: Five regular parts, considered a shrub, and leaflets of 3

Location: Urbana, Ohio

Habitat: Wetland (Fen)

Environment: Moist soil

Inflorescence Type: Corymb

Fruit Type: Rose Hip (Accessory fruit), Hypanthium forms the fleshy portion of the fruit

Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

Family: Lauraceae

Description of the Plant: Considered a bush, alternate entire leaves, oval shaped leaves, distinctive scent

Location: Urbana, Ohio

Habitat: Wetland (Fen)

Environment: Moist Soil

Inflorescence Type: Dichasium

Fruit Type: Drupe

Woolgrass (Scirpus cyperinus)

 

Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge)

Description of the Plant: Wind pollinated plant that produces numerous fruits (achenes).

Location: Galloway, Ohio

Habitat: Praire

Environment: Wet soil

Inflorescence Type: Compound Umbel

Fruit Type: Achene

Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

Family: Apocynaceae

Description of the Flower: Opposite in arrangement, plants usually produce a milky substance, and their pods are bumpy/wort-like

Location: Galloway, Ohio

Habitat: Praire

Environment: Very wet soil

Inflorescence Type: Umbel

Fruit Type: Follicle

European fly honeysuckle (Lonicera xylosteum)

Family: Caprifoliaceae

Description of the Flower: Shrub, white flowers, zygomorphic symmetry (bilateral symmetry), five stamens, and leaves are opposite and entire.

Location: Grove City, Ohio

Habitat: Forest

Environment: On the edge of a forest, near a stream

Inflorescence Type: Spike

Fruit Type: Berry

Eastern Skunk-cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)

Family: Araceae

Description of the Flower: No evident leaves, skunk odor when crushed, and a purple-brownish spadix

Location: Urbana, Ohio

Habitat: Wetland (Fen)

Environment: Located directly by a tree, soil damp, but does not appear soggy.

Inflorescence Type: Spadix

Fruit Type: Aggregate – derived of a single flower